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Tropical Dental Journal - 1st Pan African international dental journal


Tropical Dental Journal



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Published in French in Tropical Dental Journal Volume 46 - September 2023 pages 14-22

Docteur Kolomdou Kone Restoring the smile and oro-facial functions in children by prosthesisRestoring the smile and oro-facial functions in children by prosthesis est évalué 1 étoiles par les abonnés Tropical Dental Journal Online

Article Open access

Authors : K. Koné, M. Savi de Tove, K.B. Kouame, A.E. Oka, A.L. Kattie - Ivory Coast


Résumé

Introduction : La restauration prothétique du sourire et des fonctions orofaciales chez un patient édenté, en pleine croissance physique et maxillo-faciale est un défi pour le praticien. Aussi, l’objectif de ce travail est-il de prendre en charge par des moyens prothétiques les édentements et anomalies dentaires à l’origine de la perte du sourire chez l’enfant.
Observations : Divers cas cliniques avaient nécessité une réhabilitation prothétique dans le service d’odontostomatologie pédiatrique du Centre de Consultation et de Traitements Odonto-Stomatologiques (CCTOS) CHU d’Abidjan-Cocody. Ils concernaient des enfants présentant :

  • des polycaries avec des délabrements coronaires importants,
  • une agénésie des dents antérieures maxillaires et mandibulaires,
  • une microdontie des incisives latérales associée à un diastème médian maxillaire.

La prise en charge des préjudices esthétique et fonctionnel des cas avait nécessité la pose de coiffes pédodontiques, de prothèse amovo-inamovible, de prothèses amovible et fixe en résine.
Conclusion : La réhabilitation prothétique chez ces patients a permis de rétablir les fonctions orofaciales, l’esthétique et d’accompagner leur développement psychologique. Il reste que, ces artifices prothétiques devront être régulièrement contrôlés pour être adaptés en fonction de la croissance des structures maxillo-faciales.

Abstract
Restoring the smile and oro-facial functions in children by prosthesis

Introduction: The prosthetic restoration of the smile and orofacial functions in an edentulous patient, in full physical and maxillofacial growth is a challenge for the practitioner. Also, the objective of this work is to treat by prosthetic means, the edentulism and dental anomalies at the origin of the loss of smile in children.
Observations: Various clinical cases had required prosthetic rehabilitation in the pediatric odontostomatology department of the Dental care service of the University Hospital of Cocody, Abidjan. They concerned children with:

  • polycaries with significant coronary damage,
  • agenesis of the maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth,
  • microdontia of the lateral incisors associated with a median maxillary diastema.

The management of the aesthetic and functional damage of the cases required the placement of pedodontic crowns, combined prosthesis, removable and fixed resin prostheses.
Conclusion: Prosthetic rehabilitation in these patients has restored orofacial functions, aesthetics and supported their psychological development. The fact remains that these prosthetic devices must be regularly checked to be adapted according to the growth of the maxillofacial structures.

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This article is currently rated Restoring the smile and oro-facial functions in children by prosthesis is rated 1 stars (1.0 stars) by the subscribers of Tropical Dental Journal Online.
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