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Tropical Dental Journal - 1st Pan African international dental journal


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Published in French in Tropical Dental Journal Volume 46 - September 2023 pages 44-52

Docteur Komlan Mawabah Bouassalo Knowledge of patients attending the Odonto-Stomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery Department of the Sylvanus Olympio University Teaching Hospital (SO-UTH) in Lome (Togo) about the consequences of tooth lossKnowledge of patients attending the Odonto-Stomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery Department of the Sylvanus Olympio University Teaching Hospital (SO-UTH) in Lome (Togo) about the consequences of tooth loss est évalué 1 étoiles par les abonnés Tropical Dental Journal Online

Article Open access

Authors : K.M. Bouassalo, S. Adam, P.S. Dabo, P. Hemou, B. Kebina, B. Betenora, S.A. Fagbegnon, F.E. Baglo, H. Bissa, B.J. Nbouke, P.P. Agoda, B.K. Djeredou - Togo


Résumé

Objectif : Le but de notre étude était d’évaluer le niveau de connaissance des patients fréquentant le service d’Odonto-Stomatologie et de Chirurgie maxillo-faciale du CHU-SO sur les conséquences d’une perte dentaire.
Patients et méthodes : Une étude transversale descriptive et analytique a été menée durant 3 mois dans le service d’odonto-stomatologie et de chirurgie maxillo-faciale du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sylvanus Olympio (CHU-SO) de Lomé (Togo). Les données sociodémographiques, cliniques ainsi que les réponses aux questions binaires évaluant la connaissance des conséquences esthétiques, fonctionnelles, biologiques et psycho-sociales des patients inclus ont été recueillies et analysées grâce au logiciel R 4.0.4.
Résultats : Sur les 103 patients de notre échantillon, 58,3% étaient du sexe féminin, l’âge moyen était de 45,6 ans ± 15,6. Il y avait une meilleure connaissance des conséquences fonctionnelles (85,4%) suivi des conséquences esthétiques (77,7%) et psycho-sociales (68,9%). Seulement 41,6% étaient informés des conséquences biologiques. Les conséquences esthétiques étaient plus connues avec l’âge (Ora = 1,05 ; IC 95% = 1,01-1,10 ; p = 0,010). Les hommes (Ora = 3,83 ; IC 95% = 1,54-10,1 ; p = 0,005) avaient une meilleure connaissance des conséquences biologiques.
Conclusion : Dans les limites de notre étude nous pouvons déduire que les conséquences esthétiques, fonctionnelles et psycho-sociales d’une perte dentaire évaluées semblent être bien connues. Cependant les conséquences biologiques ne le sont pas assez. Il convient ainsi d’accentuer la sensibilisation sur cet axe afin d’accroître la motivation à la réhabilitation prothétique.

Abstract
Knowledge of patients attending the Odonto-Stomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery Department of the Sylvanus Olympio University Teaching Hospital (SO-UTH) in Lome (Togo) about the consequences of tooth loss

Aim: The aim of our study was to assess the level of knowledge of patients attending the Department of Odonto-stomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery at the CHU-SO about the consequences of tooth loss.
Patients and methods: A descriptive and analytical cross-sectional study was conducted over a 3-month period in the odonto-stomatology and maxillofacial surgery department of the Sylvanus Olympio University Teaching Hospital (SO-UTH) in Lome (Togo). Sociodemographic and clinical data, as well as responses to binary questions assessing knowledge of the aesthetic, functional, biological, and psychosocial consequences of the included patients, were collected and analyzed using R 4.0.4 software.
Results: Of the 103 patients in our sample, 58.3% were female, with an average age of 45.6 ± 15.6 years. There was a greater awareness of functional consequences (85.4%), followed by aesthetic (77.7%) and psycho-social (68.9%) consequences. Only 41.6% were aware of the biological consequences. Aesthetic consequences were better known with age (Ora = 1.05; CI 95% = 1.01-1.10;
p = 0.010). Male (Ora = 3.83; CI 95% = 1.54-10.1; p = 0.005) had a better knowledge of biological consequences.
Conclusion: Within the limits of our study, we can deduce that the aesthetic, functional and psycho-social consequences evaluated of tooth loss appear to be well known. However, the biological consequences are not sufficiently well known. We therefore need to raise awareness in this area to increase motivation for prosthetic rehabilitation.

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